工匠，随着人类产生而产生，中国古代就有鲁班、欧冶子、丁缓、綦毋怀文、梓庆等工匠。他们虽然促进了人类文明的进步，但社会地位不高，非但以工匠之身“治国”不太可能，就是其精益求精的工匠精神也难以传承。除了部分像纣王一样穷奢极欲的统治者需要具有精益求精精神的工匠外，普通百姓的愿望就是能吃饱穿暖，士大夫大多推崇“一箪食，一瓢饮”的生活，反对锦衣九重、食前方丈，因此，工匠想精益求精也难有人买账。 另外，精益求精不只是一种精神，也是一种能力。传统中国受儒家“君子不器”思想的影响，整个社会形成了“万般皆下品，唯有读书高”的风气，没有哪个有能力有水平有抱负的人愿意做一个工匠，“学稼”“学为圃”的樊迟被孔子叱为“小人”就是个例子。因此，在古代提倡工匠精神的必要性就大打折扣了。 子夏认为做工匠是小道，“君子不为”，而当代社会又提倡精益求精的工匠精神，横向看起来似乎是矛盾的，但纵向看起来，两种观念都是时代的产物。当今中国，担负着实现中华民族伟大复兴的重任。而想实现“中国梦”，就要大力发展经济;想发展经济，就要积极拓展海外市场;想拓展海外市场，就必须提高产品质量;想要提高产品质量，就必须弘扬工匠精神。另一方面，当下的中国，人们最基本的生活需要已经得到了满足，大家都开始追求更美好的生活，对一切产品的品质也开始有了更高的要求，要解决“人民日益增长的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的发展之间的矛盾”，就势必要推崇满含精益求精的敬业风气的工匠精神。提倡工匠精神是时代召唤的结果。 提倡工匠精神，我们已付出实际行动：2015年—2017年，中央电视台播出了“大国工匠”系列纪录片，让我们在镜头前见识到了这些工匠的平凡生活与崇高追求;2016年，“培育精益求精的工匠精神”被写进政府工作报告;2017年3月，中央宣传部向全社会公开“以国为重的大国工匠”徐立平的先进事迹，授予航天发动机固体燃料药面整形师徐立平“时代楷模”荣誉称号，之后，“弘扬劳模精神和工匠精神，营造劳动光荣的社会风尚和精益求精的敬业风气”写进党的十九大报告;2018年，媒体公布“培养精益求精的工匠精神和创意设计能力”已被写进高中课程标准。 中国需要工匠，更需要工匠精神。随着时代的发展，工匠的工作或许会逐渐被机器代劳，但是工匠精神不可能被代替。我们今天弘扬工匠精神，不仅是对传统工匠技艺的留恋，而且是对职业道德的呼唤。工匠精神不仅仅是制造业实现突围的法宝，也不仅仅是企业的金字招牌，它代表了一个时代的气质，是我们每一个人该有的精神追求与人生态度。 当精益求精、踏实专注和坚守执着的工匠精神成为我们工作的追求和精神支柱，我们的“中国梦”一定能加速实现。 时代在召唤工匠精神，你准备好了吗?
Excellent Composition Model for College Entrance Examination: The Age Calls on the Spirit of Craftsmen
Craftsmen, with the emergence of human beings, in ancient China there were Lu Ban, Ouyezi, Ding Slow, Qi Huaiwen, Ziqing and other craftsmen. Although they have promoted the progress of human civilization, their social status is not high. It is not only impossible for them to "govern the country" as craftsmen, but also difficult to inherit the spirit of craftsmen who strive for excellence. In addition to some of the rulers who are as extravagant and eager as King Qi need craftsmen with the spirit of excellence, the common people's desire is to be able to eat, clothes and warm. Scholar-bureaucrats mostly praise the life of "a barrel of food, a ladle of drink", and oppose the nine-fold clothing and the abbot before eating. Therefore, craftsmen who want to excel are also difficult to buy. In addition, excellence is not only a spirit, but also a kind of ability. Influenced by the Confucian idea of "gentleman is not an instrument", the whole society has formed a general trend of "all things are inferior, only reading high". No one with ability and level is willing to be a craftsman. As an example, Fan Zi, who is "learning crops" and "learning for nursery", has been criticized by Confucius as a "villain". Therefore, the necessity of promoting craftsmanship in ancient times was greatly discounted. Zixia thinks that craftsmen are paths and "gentlemen don't do anything", while contemporary society advocates the spirit of craftsmen who strive for excellence. Horizontally, it seems contradictory, but vertically, both concepts are products of the times. Today, China is shouldering the important task of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. To realize the "China Dream", we must vigorously develop the economy; to develop the economy, we must actively expand overseas markets; to expand overseas markets, we must improve product quality; to improve product quality, we must carry forward the spirit of craftsmen. On the other hand, in China today, people's basic living needs have been met. Everyone has begun to pursue a better life and higher requirements for the quality of all products. In order to solve the contradiction between people's growing need for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development, it is necessary to praise craftsmen with a spirit of dedication and excellence. Spirit. Advocating the spirit of craftsmen is the result of the call of the times. Advocating the spirit of craftsmen, we have taken practical actions: from 2015 to 2017, CCTV broadcasted a series of documentaries of "big country craftsmen", which let us see the ordinary life and lofty pursuit of these craftsmen in front of the camera; in 2016, "cultivating the spirit of craftsmen who strive for excellence" was written into the government work report; in March 2017, the Central Propaganda Department made public to the whole society "country-oriented". The advanced deeds of Xu Liping, a great craftsman, were awarded the honorary title of "model of the times" by Xu Liping, a solid fuel reshaper for aerospace engines. After that, the report of the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China was written, "Promoting the spirit of model workers and craftsmen, creating a glorious social style of work and a dedicated spirit of excellence"; in 2018, the media published "Cultivating the spirit of craftsmen and creative design with excellence". Ability has been written into the curriculum standard of senior high school. China needs craftsmen, but also craftsmen spirit. With the development of the times, the work of craftsmen may be gradually replaced by machines, but the spirit of craftsmen can not be replaced. To carry forward the spirit of craftsmen today is not only a nostalgia for traditional craftsmen, but also a call for professional ethics. Craftsmanship is not only a magic weapon for manufacturing industry to break through, but also a gold-lettered signboard for enterprises. It represents the temperament of an era and the spiritual pursuit and human ecology that each of us should have. When excellence, steady concentration and persistent craftsmanship become the pursuit and spiritual pillar of our work, our "Chinese Dream" will surely accelerate the realization. Times are calling craftsmen's spirit. Are you ready?